Financing and scolarship

The system of doctoral contracts has replaced the old system of research allocations and teaching assistantships. Doctoral contracts have the features—and the legal force—of individual employment agreements.
Each doctoral contract specifies the objective and the duration of the mission of a particular doctoral candidate, as well as the type of activities in which the candidate will be engaged under contract.
Contracted candidates have the right to paid vacation and accumulate seniority, just like other civil servants.
Doctoral candidates who devote themselves solely to research earn less (€1,685 monthly) than those who take on other tasks such as teaching, popularization of research results, or consulting assignments (€2,025 monthly).
The amounts specified above are legal minimums that individual institutions are free to exceed depending on their recruiting goals and the qualifications of the candidate.